Presentation by Shouzhi Wang, Ministry of Land and Resources, on Government's Land Reform as part of the "Panel on China's Land Management System Reform: Issues, Progress and Prospect" which took place during the annual World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty held in Washington DC from March 23 to 27, 2015. China’s land management system has several special features. Urban land is owned by the state, and rural land is collectively owned by the villages. Individuals are allowed by the law to possess land use rights. The state enforces land use control. A primary objective of land use control is farmland preservation due to the scarcity of the nation’s farmland on the per capita basis. With rapid industrialization, urbanization and socioeconomic development, China’s land issues are increasingly becoming acute.