The population living in cities and towns in China will outnumber the population living in rural areas in the next five years. In 2030, the urbanization rate will reach about 65%. There will be a newly increased population of 300 million living in various types of cities and towns. The rapid urbanization will provide a strong and sustaining power for expanding the consumption and investment demands. At the same time, it also brings unprecedented challenges for energy saving, environmental improvement and increase of the quality and level of urban development.
For the sustained urban development in the next 20 years with the Chinese characteristics, objectives and strategies have been set to promote the coordinated development of big, medium-sized and small cities and small towns, strive to improve the overall carrying capacity of cities and towns, bring into full play the radiating role of cities in leading the development of rural areas, and promote the economic development in county areas.
At present, the priority should be placed on facilitating the development of medium and small cities and small towns, relaxing the restriction of residential registration in cities and towns, stimulating employment, and upgrading the living standard. The priority should also be placed on improving the quality of urban planning, strengthening the construction of housing and municipal infrastructure, promoting the urban governance, and narrowing the urban- rural divide, so as to enhance the development level of urbanization in an all-round way.